Introduction: The concept of mobbing in workplace is a significant limitation in the psycho-spiritual balance of employees as well as for the proper functioning of the organization. Over the years, the constantly-increasing number of incidents which have been reported in the studies is understandably worrying.
Materials and Methods: The purpose of the current study is to investigate the context of mobbing. Also this review attempts to provide a framework for examining the impact of mobbing in health organizations. A review of the literature relating to published articles from scientific databases such as Medline, Pub Med, Scholar google, using a combination of keywords such as “mobbing”, “harassment”, “physical effects”, “psychological effects”, “health professionals “,” mobbing confrontation “,” prevention “has been conducted.
Literature Review: The last fifteen years there was a significant increase of incidents of mobbing in workplace and specifically in health organizations (hospitals, private clinics etc). The amount of employees who were victims of mobbing varies, even though the vast majority was nurses and practioner doctors. However it is important to note that because of these cases, (which were persistent and repetitive), there were (increasing), negative impacts in mental and physical health of professionals. These were the key factors, due to which the employees are reluctant to work, or in many cases they think to quit their profession.
Conclusions: According to the literature it is obvious and immediately recognisable that mobbing should not exist in workplaces in health care services as well as in other placement. Although the context is still under investigation by the authorities of health facilities (hospitals, clinics, etc.)Also, health care professionals are invited to acquire knowledge for recognition of mobbing in the workplace and to develop policies and intervention in order to prevent and cope with the phenomenon.
Key words: Mobbing, health area, health professionals, prevention and treatment of mobbing, effects, verbal abuse