Frailty syndrome is a geriatric syndrome characterized by increased vulnerability to stressors and for which there is no widely recognized and accepted clinical assessment scale. The two most widely used and commonly used frailty assessment indicators are the Frailty Phenotype and Frailty Index. The etiopathogenesis of frailty has complex and multifactorial etiology, with genetic, metabolic, environmental, socio-economic, nutritional, lifestyle, acute and chronic disease risk factors. Frailty is a risk factor for adverse outcomes in the health of older people. Physical exercise is the only intervention that has been confirmed by research to prevent the appearance of frailty in the elderly. The most effective preventive action is complete, thorough and comprehensive geriatric assessment by an interdisciplinary team.
Keywords: Aging, Elderly people, Frailty syndrome.