Poor health cannot be attributed only to microbiological and genetical factors. It is a much more complex situation, involving both the conditions in which people live, such as access to health care, schools and education, as well as working conditions, recreation, homes, communities and cities, as well as cultural characteristics such as social status, gender, age, nationality, values and distinctions. All of these factors affect a person’s chances of leading a flourishing and healthy life. Chances of good health are not equally distributed within society causing health inequalities. Thus, organized societies and their institutions are called upon to set health protection frameworks as a social right for vulnerable population groups. The purpose of the article is to make a comprehensive reference to the term vulnerability, as well as the regulatory framework that is formed around it in the modern society. The social challenge is a framework based on inclusive human rights, justice and democracy.
Keywords: Care, health, institutions, rights, vulnerability