Introduction: Health is a public good and in the free market is not achieved equitable or efficient allocation of resources. According to the economic approach of health, illness prevents the infected individual from participating in processes (work), but causes costs to society as a whole.
Aim: The aim of this study is to present the existing studies and demonstrate the significance of the cost effectiveness of primary health care services in Greece.
Literature review: Critical and systematic review in electronic databases. An extended search of published research articles.
Conclusion: Health-care system should protect and improve health of the population. The provision of health services (prevention, treatment, rehabilitation,) is only meaningful to the extent that contributes to this aim. Cost-effectiveness analysis is a form of economic analysis that compares costs and outcomes (impacts) of two or more courses of action.
Key word: Cost-effectiveness, primary health care, local government and primary health care, health services